Crop Improvement Department
The department consists of
- Plant Breeding and Genetics,
- Seed Science and Technology
- Plant Biotechnology
The objectives of crop improvement division are to provide students with knowledge about Plant Breeding and Genetics, Seed Science and Technology and Plant Biotechnology of crop plants–those plants that provide our food, fiber, shelter and biofuel. General information about developing superior plants, Study of inheritance, genetic control of traits that are influenced by many genes, genetic improvement of crop plants as well as how these features is applied by the plant breeder to improve crop plants.
Crop Improvement division will empower the students in the path of
- History and application of Plant Biotechnology, Cytogenetics and Seed Science and technology.
- How genes influence traits at the phenotypic and molecular level.
- Biochemical strategies, Genetics of populations and influence of environment on plant trait expression – Genetic manipulation of crops for stress resistance.
- Methods of crop improvement (Plant Breeding) for self- and cross-pollinated species.
- The use of molecular techniques and plant transformation in crop improvement.
- How to breed for improvement of specific crop traits.
- Importance and utilization of Plant Genetic Resources.
- To enhance the knowledge base, skills and competencies of students in integrating biotechnology tools in crop improvement programmes.
- Seed production technologies for different crops.
- To develop suitable post-harvest processing technology for upgrading quality of seeds.
- To progress suitable pre-storage and mid storage seed treatments to control seed deterioration and maintain seed viability and vigor during storage.
- To evolve suitable seed storage containers for prolonging the seed viability.
To study the response of plants to environmental change and plant development at the ecosystem, whole plant, and molecular levels. Students investigate ecologically friendly management strategies, study underlying molecular and biochemical mechanisms that regulate plant development, investigate how plant performance can be optimized in the field or closed environments, and contribute to cultivar development.
To understand the fundamental mechanisms that enable plant improvements and to discover novel methodologies and technologies that will be the foundation for future advances.